One of the keys to taking photos outdoors is sunlight. Some feel the light is the most important factor. First find great light, then find something to shoot in the great light. We can't control the weather and have to live with cloudy days and bright sunny days. We can plan around the sunlight and even moonlight. Local weather forecasts often list the local sunrise and sunset times which helps. Planning a photo outing for a place you've never been to can be difficult because you don't know the direction of the sun or moon.
There is a free piece of software that not only tells you the sunrise, sunset, moonrise and moonset time, but it also shows you what direction they will rise and set on a map, for anywhere in the world, or at least anywhere Google maps knows about.
The software is The Photographer's Ephemeris or TPE. It's available for Mac's, PC's and Linux computers (free). They recently launched a version for the iPhone ($8.99). Start TPE and enter the location you are interested in and TPE will show you a map and
- Time and direction of sunrise and sunset
TPE is a valuable tool for anyone doing outdoor photography. You can download the software from their website at http://photoephemeris.com/